Tag Archives: accelerometer

Detecting motion: DLP-TILT 2-axis accelerometer

Using an accelerometer to assess musculoskeletal stresses

Accelerometers are helpful for characterising device usage and detecting the mode of use. Most of these devices have an internal accelerometer, but it is convenient for our purposes to use an external device (requires less programming and does not require a jailbroken device).

Setup

In order to use this device, you must first set up the serial port with a line like the following:

stty -F /dev/ttyUSB0 raw ispeed 38400 ospeed 38400 cs8 -ignpar -cstopb -echo

Code

The code probably won’t tell you all that much, but here’s one way to make your life much easier: assuming you’re running this on Linux, set your device ID as /dev/dlptilt, then change the line ‘/dev/ttyUSB0’ to read ‘/dev/dlptilt’ in the code before compiling.

#include
#include
#include
#include
#include
#include
#include
#include 

#define BAUDRATE B38400
#define MODEMDEVICE "/dev/ttyS1"
#define _POSIX_SOURCE 1         //POSIX compliant source
#define FALSE 0
#define TRUE 1
#define DEBUG 0

volatile int STOP=FALSE;

void signal_handler_IO (int status);    //definition of signal handler
int wait_flag=TRUE;                     //TRUE while no signal received
char devicename[80];
long Baud_Rate = 38400;         // default Baud Rate (110 through 38400)
long BAUD;                      // derived baud rate from command line
long DATABITS;
long STOPBITS;
long PARITYON;
long PARITY;
int Data_Bits = 8;              // Number of data bits
int Stop_Bits = 1;              // Number of stop bits
int Parity = 0;                 // Parity as follows:
                  // 00 = NONE, 01 = Odd, 02 = Even, 03 = Mark, 04 = Space
int Format = 4;
FILE *input;
FILE *output;
int status;

main(int Parm_Count, char *Parms[])
{

   int fd, tty, c, res, i, error;
   char In1, Key;
   struct termios oldtio, newtio;
   struct termios oldkey, newkey;
   struct sigaction saio;
   char buf[255];
   char message[90];

   // set device name here
   strcpy(devicename,"/dev/ttyUSB0"); 

   newkey.c_cflag = BAUDRATE | CRTSCTS | CS8 | CLOCAL | CREAD;
   newkey.c_iflag = IGNPAR;
   newkey.c_oflag = 0;
   newkey.c_lflag = 0;
   newkey.c_cc[VMIN]=1;
   newkey.c_cc[VTIME]=0;
   BAUD=38400;
   DATABITS=CS8;
   STOPBITS=CSTOPB;
   PARITYON=0;
   PARITY=0;
   fd = open(devicename, O_RDWR | O_NOCTTY | O_NONBLOCK);
   if (fd < 0)
   {
   	perror(devicename);
   	exit(-1);
   }

   saio.sa_handler = signal_handler_IO;
   sigemptyset(&saio.sa_mask);
   saio.sa_flags = 0;
   saio.sa_restorer = NULL;
   sigaction(SIGIO,&saio,NULL);

   fcntl(fd, F_SETOWN, getpid());
   fcntl(fd, F_SETFL, FASYNC);

   tcgetattr(fd,&oldtio);
   newtio.c_cflag = BAUD | CRTSCTS | DATABITS | STOPBITS | PARITYON | PARITY | CLOCAL | CREAD;
   newtio.c_iflag = IGNPAR;
   newtio.c_oflag = 0;
   newtio.c_lflag = 0;
   newtio.c_cc[VMIN]=1;
   newtio.c_cc[VTIME]=0;
   tcflush(fd, TCIFLUSH);
   tcsetattr(fd,TCSANOW,&newtio);
   write(fd,"T",1);
   while (STOP==FALSE) {
       status=1;
       if (status==1) // so redundant...
		{
	if(DEBUG){
   		write(fd,"P",1);
		printf("Printed Pn");
	} else {
		// 7 - single a d conversion to host on current settings
		// z 3 bytes (both channels x and y of accelerometer)
		// s - 7 bytes (all 7 channels)
		// 8 - streaming a/d conversion data using current settings
   		write(fd,"z",1);
	}
	} 

         if (wait_flag==FALSE)  //if output is available
	{
		res = read(fd,buf,255);
		if (res>0)
		{

			// Print serial output
			for (i=0; i